INFOLAC
   

 
Enlaces importantes, para no perderse ningún detalle de
la Cumbre
Estados Unidos se opone a la creación de una agencia
que controle Internet
UNESCO High-Level Symposium at Wsis will Send
Global Wake-Up Call
Tensiones Norte-Sur en reuniones preparatorias para cumbre de Internet
Geneva Role of Science in the Information Society
UNESCO High-Level Symposium on Knowledge Societies at WSIS concluded
Resumen Noticioso, Radio Habana Cuba
UNESCO WebWorld Newsletter - 12 December 2003
L'échec du sommet mondial de l'information
 

Enlaces importantes, para no perderse ningún
detalle de la Cumbre.
 

ATRIBUCIÓN DE FONDO PARA LA SOCIEDAD CIVIL, Documento PDF
http://www.geneva2003.org/wsis/documents/fellowship_guideline03.pdf

Proyecto: Centro de Investigaciones en Sociedad de la Información
http://www.alfa-redi.org/cisi/penta.asp

IFEX, Intercambio Internacional para la Libertad de Expresión, sitio oficial
http://www.ifex.org/es/content/view/archivefeatures/53021/

APC
Declaración de Sociedad Civil en el final del Proceso Preparatorio de la CMSI

http://www.apc.org/espanol/rights/lac/wsis/cdocs.shtml?x=15282

Caucus de América Latina y El Caribe para la CMSI
http://lac.derechos.apc.org/wsis/caucuslac.shtml

Convocatoria de la RCP: para la Mesa de Trabajo de la Cumbre
Mundial de la Sociedad de la Información.

http://www.yachay.com.pe/cumbre/index5.htm

Asociación de Organizaciones de Productores Ecológicos
de Bolivia en Cumbre Mundial de Sociedad de la Información

http://listas.rcp.net.pe/pipermail/drha/2003-October/000707.html

Campaña Mundial por el Derecho a la Comunicación
en la Sociedad de Información (CRIS)

http://www.uasb.edu.ec/padh/boletin4/cris4.htm

The Daily Summit, estará cubriendo en vivo la Cumbre Mundial de la Sociedad de la Información desde Ginebra (10-12 Diciembre). Desafortunadamente parece que la cobertura no se hará en español (inglés y arábe únicamente)
http://www.dailysummit.net/

Inter. Press Service News Agency
Articulo: Ardua escalada a la Cumbre, Gustavo Capdevila.

http://www.ipsnoticias.net/interna.asp?idnews=24738

MOUSE.CL
Articulo: Profundos desacuerdos entre países sobre futuro de Internet

http://mouse.tercera.cl/detail.asp?story=2003/11/14/18/10/39

Foro Mundial de la Sociedad Civil
Articulo: Reforzar el Papel de la Sociedad Civil en la Cooperación Internacional

http://www.worldcivilsociety.org/pages/69/es/presfor.htm

Yahoo News, portugués
Países ricos e pobres se dividem antes de cúpula sobre Internet

http://br.news.yahoo.com/031117/16/gdgt.html

Obra: Motinoreando la Brecha Digital… y mucho más,
Monitoring the Digital Divide… and beyond
Es una contribución a la comunidad internacional
en el contexto de la Cumbre Mundial de la Sociedad de la Información.
Descarga en inglés y francés.

http://www.orbicom.uqam.ca/projects/ddi2002/2003_dd_pdf_en.pdf

 Estados Unidos se opone a la creación
de una agencia que controle Internet

EUROPA PRESS

WASHINGTON.- Estados Unidos pretende evitar en la próxima SMSI (cumbre mundial sobre la sociedad de la información) la creación de una agencia de Naciones Unidas que controle Internet. Los norteamericanos argumentan que ese organismo impediría la libertad de expresión en la Red.

Esta cumbre mundial reunirá a 62 jefes de Estado y de Gobierno entre el 10 y el 12 de diciembre en Ginebra.
Estados Unidos tiene previsto no apoyar la proposición senegalesa de crear un fondo de solidaridad para financiar proyectos tecnológicos en los países en vías de desarrollo, según precisó David Gross, coordinador del Departamento de Estado para las comunicaciones internacionales y la política de información

 UNESCO High-Level Symposium at Wsis
will Send Global Wake-Up Call

 

How can the world community move towards building open, pluralistic and equitable knowledge societies? Political and intellectual world leaders will debate this at the High-Level Symposium on "Building Knowledge Societies - from Vision to Action" that UNESCO organizes in Geneva, Switzerland, next week at the World Summit on the Information Society.

UNESCO Director-General Koïchiro Matsuura will open the Symposium on December 9 (3 p.m.) on the eve of the WSIS opening. United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan is invited to take part. Adama Samassékou, President of the WSIS Preparatory Committee, described the Symposium as "a call on world leaders to ensure that cultural, ethical and intellectual dimensions are a key part in the summit process."

Leading experts and intellectuals who will take part in the Symposium are: the economist and sociologist Gary Becker, Economics Nobel Prize Laureate; Monkombu S. Swaminathan, Chairman of M.S. Swaminathan Research Foundation of India which seeks to harness science and technology for environmentally sustainable and socially equitable development; Lawrence Lessig, of the Stanford Law School, a leading expert on internet legislation; Valdas Adamkus, Former President of Lithuania and UNESCO Goodwill Ambassador for the Construction of Knowledge Societies; John Gage, Chief Researcher and Director of the Science Office of Sun Microsystems, which advocates software diversity and open-source software; and Abdul-Muyeed Chowdhury, Executive Director of BRAC, formerly known as Bangladesh Rural Advancement Committee.

Two heads of states are scheduled to deliver keynote addresses at the Symposium's two panels: Joaquim Alberto Chissano, President of Mozambique and Chairman of the African Union; and Vaira Vike-Freiberga, President of Latvia. Government ministers from New Zealand, Thailand and Tunisia are also expected to attend

UNESCO, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, has designed the symposium to build a holistic vision and a clear developmental perspective of the issues at stake at the World Summit on the Information Society. The Symposium will address four key questions: How to ensure universal access to information? How to achieve equal access to quality education? How to foster freedom of expression in cyberspace? And finally, how to achieve pluralism in knowledge societies?

After the opening ceremony (3 p.m.) on December 9, the first panel will focus on "Shaping Knowledge Societies" (4 p.m.-6 p.m.). A second panel, on December 10 (10 a.m.-12 noon) will discuss "Diversity in Knowledge Societies". BBC World journalist and broadcaster Stephen Cole will be the moderator of both panels.

The Symposium will take place at the summit venue of the Geneva-Palexpo Exhibition and Conference Center in Room C

Links

Website of the Symposium http://www.unesco.org/wsis/symposium/
UNESCO events at WSIS http://www.unesco.org/wsis/events/

Contact

Hans d'Orville, UNESCO h.dorville@unesco.org

 Tensiones Norte-Sur en reuniones
preparatorias para cumbre de Internet

Actualizado: 2:58 PM hora de Nueva York (1958 GMT)

GINEBRA -- Representantes de más de 150 países lograron acuerdos de última hora en materia de derechos humanos y la administración de Internet, reduciendo el temor de que la cumbre internacional sobre la sociedad de la información que se celebra esta semana en Ginebra se convirtiera en un enfrentamiento abierto entre los estados ricos y pobres, dijeron el domingo delegados.

Sin embargo, la decisión de un número creciente de mandatarios de no asistir sugiere que será una cumbre sólo en nombre.

Los delegados se vieron obligados a sostener una ronda preparatoria de negociaciones previa a la reunión en Ginebra, que tendrá lugar del 10 al 12 de diciembre.

La reunión de la Cumbre Mundial sobre la Sociedad de la Información fue convocada para examinar mecanismos que ayuden a cerrar la brecha digital entre los países desarrollados y las naciones en vías de desarrollo.

Algunos países en desarrollo, entre ellos Brasil, han presionado para que organismos internacionales desempeñen un papel mayor en el funcionamiento de Internet, que actualmente es controlada por el sector privado de los países desarrollados de Europa Occidental, América del Norte y Asia.

En materia de derechos humanos, se expresó preocupación de que algunos estados, entre ellos China e Irán, intentaban coartar la libertad de expresión yuxtaponiéndola a los deberes hacia la comunidad – dos puntos que figuran en la Declaración Universal de los Derechos Humanos.

A últimas horas del sábado, fuentes dijeron que los delegados aceptaron dos anteproyectos - una declaración de principios y un plan de acción - que se presentarán a los gobiernos en Ginebra.

En el tema sobre la administración de Internet, los delegados acordaron pedir al secretario general de las Naciones Unidas, Kofi Annan, que establezca un equipo de trabajo para que investigue y presente un informe en el 2005, cuando se realizaría una segunda cumbre en Túnez.

Sin embargo, no hubo acuerdo sobre un tema espinoso: si los estados ricos accederán a crear un fondo internacional para ayudar a los países pobres, sobre todo en Africa, a financiar el desarrollo de redes de información tecnológica.

"No estamos de acuerdo en algunas algunas palabras del texto, pero los dos borradores están aprobados en un 95 por ciento", señaló el representante suizo, Marc Furrer, quien desempeñó un papel de coordinador como delegado del país anfitrión.

Pero dejó entrever que esas palabras restantes eran clave, al decirle a la Agence France Presse que "el consenso mínimo que tenemos es que debe haber solidaridad, pero no estamos de acuerdo sobre si se debe crear un fondo o no."

"Todos estamos de acuerdo en que es necesario hacer algo (para ayudar a los países pobres)", dijo en rueda de prensa. La gran mayoría de los jefes de estado que dicen que asistirán al encuentro procederán de países en desarrollo.

El único mandatario de las Américas que aún tiene previsto asistir es el presidente de Cuba, Fidel Castro, después de que su colega brasileño Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva se retirara.

Estados Unidos, así como la mayoría de los países europeos y asiáticos, tampoco estarán representados en cuanto a jefes de estado o de gobierno. Diplomáticos de estos sectores dicen que temen que la cumbre intente imponer restricciones a la libertad de expresión.

La cumbre, celebrada bajo el auspicio de las Unión Internacional de Telecomunicaciones, parte del sistema de Naciones Unidas, es la primera de dos reuniones. La segunda está prevista para Túnez en el 2005.

Geneva Role of Science in the Information Society

DRAFT

UNITED NATIONS EDUCATIONAL,
SCIENTIFIC AND CULTURAL ORGANIZATION

Address by
Mr Koïchiro Matsuura
Director-General
of the United Nations Educational,
Scientific and Cultural Organization
(UNESCO)

on the occasion of the Conference on
the Role of Science in the Information Society
during the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS)

CERN, Geneva, 8-9 December 2003


Excellencies,
Ladies and Gentlemen
It is a great pleasure and an honour for me to be here with you today on the occasion of this conference on “The Role of Science in the Information Society”. Allow me to express my appreciation to CERN and its management for this opportunity to share some reflections with you.

Over the months that have passed since preparations began for the World Summit on the Information Society, UNESCO has addressed itself to the very concepts underpinning the organization of the Summit. On a number of occasions, I have drawn attention to the qualititative difference between ‘information’ and ‘knowledge’ as well as to the inherent plurality of policy options, cultural contexts and routes of development associated with the nexus between science, technology and society.

Just recently, during the 32nd session of the General Conference of UNESCO, a Round Table of Ministers was held on this very subject. There was wide recognition that modern science and technology and their applications are powerful and pervasive in their impact, but there was also an acknowledgement that the claims of human creativity, cultural diversity and political choice point us towards plurality, not uniformity. The idea of a single, all-embracing information society towards which all nations are moving without deviation was found by the participants in the Ministerial Round Table to be neither an accurate description nor a desirable prescription.

UNESCO’s current overall strategic priority is aimed at contributing to the humanization of the globalization process. I know that this lofty terminology can sometimes seem far removed from the lived realities of people in their homes and communities, but it does represent an important orientation. The debate over knowledge societies needs to be attuned to this overall concern, which insists that the building of inclusive, participatory and just societies must be done through processes that respect human dignity, plurality and solidarity as well as human rights and fundamental freedoms.

Let me stress that the building of knowledge societies must be inclusive. This means that all persons, without distinction, so that everyone is empowered to create, receive, share and utilize information and knowledge freely for his or her benefit – whether this be for reasons of economic betterment, social recreation, cultural expression and enjoyment, or civic participation. Within this concept, information and communication technologies (ICTs) are to be seen as tools dedicated to human development, not as an end in themselves.

The growth of knowledge societies depends on the production of new knowledge, its transmission through education and training and its dissemination through ICTs. Scientific research and discovery, and associated technological applications, are the driving forces behind the creation of knowledge societies but we must remember that science is itself a social construct. How science impacts on society is shaped by society – for example, through national policies on science and technology and through the social and institutional mechanisms for organizing research and understanding its implications.

Ladies and Gentlemen,
Roger Cashmore of CERN has said that “Without science, there would be no information society”. How true. But the role that science plays in the making of knowledge societies does appear to be one of the best-kept secrets of our time. How many people even know that Tim Berners-Lee is the inventor of the World Wide Web? Or that CERN’s decision to make the Web foundations and protocols available on a royalty-free basis was crucial to the Web’s very existence? As Berners-Lee put it, “Without this commitment, the enormous individual and corporate investment in Web technology simply would never have happened and we wouldn’t have the Web today”.

While science has made knowledge societies possible, science itself is being changed in the process. As scientific knowledge advances, this has an effect on the very way in which science is conducted. For example, synergy among the disciplines of science has been accelerated by ICTs. This is evident in the dramatic increase in cross-disciplinary invention, research and collaboration at a distance as well as the more rapid dissemination of information. The knowledge base of this growth is cumulative and increasingly interdisciplinary. We are still far from restoring the unity of the sciences but the fact that new technologies are facilitating greater dialogue between disciplines is to be welcomed.

This inter-disciplinary communication, let me add, should not be construed narrowly. Scientific disciplines should increase their contact not only with one another but also with other modes and traditions of inquiry, especially in terms of the ethical, social and environmental implications of scientific and technological developments. The ethical dimension, by the way, corresponds to the principal priority of UNESCO’s Social and Human Sciences sector and is central to the work of COMEST, the World Commission on the Ethics of Scientific Knowledge and Technology.

Scientific advance and technical innovation are closely associated with the emergence of new capabilities. This is not new. From the very beginning of the age of scientific discoveries, people have devised tools for improving health, raising productivity and facilitating learning and communication. What is new are the pace of change, the range of its impact and the unprecedented character of some of the challenges and opportunities being generated. Today’s science is marked by digital, genetic and molecular breakthroughs that are pushing far beyond yesterday’s frontiers of knowledge. These breakthroughs are creating new possibilities for improving health and nutrition, expanding knowledge, eradicating poverty and stimulating economic growth.

However, we are at a critical juncture. At a time when the current phase of the scientific-technological revolution shows no signs of slowing down, can we continue to ignore the fact that one-in-five of the world’s people live on less than one dollar per day and one-in-seven suffer from chronic hunger? The international community responded to the pressing need to address this state of affairs at the 2000 United Nations Millennium Summit by agreeing on a set of key development goals with time-bound targets - for reducing poverty, raising levels of education, improving standards of health, enhancing empowerment and reversing the loss of environmental resources.

Harnessing science and the power of ICTs can, both directly and indirectly, contribute substantially to realizing every one of the Millenium Development Goals. It can create new economic opportunities that lift individuals, communities and nations out of poverty. Furthermore, it can ensure greater availability of health and reproductive information, facilitate the training of medical personnel and teachers, and help to empower women with the same rights and opportunities as men.

Excellencies,
Ladies and Gentlemen,
The task before us is to transform these possibilities into realities, on the clear understanding that the unequal distribution and utilization of knowledge are a barrier to peaceful, sustainable development. In the words of the 1998 World Development Report, “Knowledge is like light. Weightless and intangible, it can easily travel the world, enlightening the lives of people everywhere. Yet billions of people still live in the darkness of poverty - unnecessarily.” Not only do poor countries and poor people have less capital and income at their disposal than their rich neighbours, but their access to knowledge is also more limited. Knowledge for development is crucial for the future prospects of developing countries so that they may apply the growing stock of global ‘electronic knowledge’ to their own advantage and solve their own problems in their own way.

Let me conclude by thanking you for your attention. I can assure you that UNESCO will pay great attention to the outcomes of this Conference. I wish you a successful meeting.
Thank you.

UNESCO High-Level Symposium
on Knowledge Societies at WSIS concluded

 

Flash Info n°268
Office of the Spokeswoman/ La Porte Parole
Contact: m.de-pierrebourg@unesco.org
Telephone: 00 33 (1) 45 68 13 26
Fax: 00 33 (1) 45 68 55 66

 

 

 

Geneva, 11 December 20003

UNESCO High-Level Symposium on Knowledge Societies at WSIS concluded

 

UNESCO’s Director-General, Koïchiro Matsuura, on 10 December 2003 summed up a two-day High-Level Symposium on “Building Knowledge Societies – from Vision to Action“ which was held at the venue of the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) in Geneva.

 The symposium brought together 20 speakers including four heads of state, ministers, Nobel Prize laureates, and leading academics, NGO and private sector representatives, as well as members of the press.[1]

 Speakers highlighted the fact that the information and communication technologies (ICT), including the internet, had brought about a third, inexorable wave of technological revolution in which services and products, based on skills, knowledge and know-how, are playing a central part. WSIS could therefore capitalise on digital opportunities and devise digital solutions, incorporating contributions from all stakeholders. But beyond, it must also address the associated knowledge divide, focusing on capacity-building to facilitate the acquisition, absorption and spread of knowledge – for which the solution may not always be in the digital realm.

 ICT should be used more fully to reduce poverty, through a variety of developmental applications, and to attain the Millennium Development Goals. Challenges in this regard are as much societal as they are technical - as we must balance technological precepts with human values, needs, capacities and opportunities. Human and global solidarity are overarching goals in this quest, as is the need to promote pluralism. Africa in particular is in dire need of people-friendly technologies to enable it to communicate with the rest of the world.

 Technical innovation can play a critical role in bridging the knowledge divide. As they facilitate the generation, acquisition, storage, use, sharing and dissemination of knowledge, it is clear that ICT has a tremendous potential, in particular for science and education. The paramount challenge for knowledge societies will be to create an enabling environment to pursue these goals at various levels, to build the requisite capacities, to create content accessible to various communities, to ensure connectivity and to foster dialogue.

 Overall, technology has opened up possibilities for new forms of human creativity, pluralism and governance, which must be pursued in the context of participatory learning societies. Education remains pivotal in the preservation, accumulation and dissemination of knowledge. To give full meaning to the WSIS Action Plan and its implementation with respect to education, speakers called for action and strategies on several fronts: increase investment in education substantially, given its high economic and social return; create open and flexible educational systems; institute life-long education; promote quality education in all its dimensions; introduce ICT-based learning initiatives - such as distance education, virtual libraries - drawing on the resources of libraries and museums. Moreover, there is a strong need to face the challenge of creating local content in diverse languages.

 Speakers emphasized that knowledge comes in different forms and has different meanings in different contexts. It must be viewed in terms of specific cultures and traditions. Action must therefore allow for cultural and mindset diversity.

 All speakers agreed that freedom of expression, for new and traditional media alike, along with the free flow of ideas and knowledge as well as unfettered, democratic access, was an absolute condition for the creation of open and inclusive knowledge societies.

 The new forms of creativity made possible thanks to the development of digital technologies provided yet another incentive to reinforce capacity-building, speakers agreed. The need to review the present intellectual property regime was underlined so as to bring it in line with the evolving digital environment and with its creative potential.

 Overall, discussions during the Symposium showed strong support for UNESCO’s four key principles for WSIS and its follow up: freedom of expression, access to quality education, cultural and linguistic diversity, and universal access to information and knowledge, especially in the public domain.

 All interventions will be online at http://www.unesco.org/wsis/symposium/ as of 20 December 2003.

 


[1] In order of intervention: Mr Koïchiro Matsuura, Director-General of UNESCO, Mr Nitin Desai, Special Representative of the Secretary-General of the United Nations for WSIS, Mr Marc Furrer, Secretary of State for WSIS, Director-General, Federal Office of Communications of Switzerland, Mr Adama Samassékou, President of the WSIS Preparatory Committee, H.E. Ms Vaira Vike-Freiberga, President of Latvia, H.E. Mr Joaquim Alberto Chissano, President of Mozambique; Chairman of African Union, Mr Gary Becker, Nobel Prize winner in Economics (US), Mr David Cunliffe, Minister of State and Associate Minister of Finance, Revenue, Communications, Associate Minister for Information Technology of New Zealand, Mr  Monkombu S. Swaminathan, Chairman of M.S. Swaminathan Research Foundation (India), Mr. Surapong Suebwonglee, Minister of Information and Communications Technology of Thailand, H.E. Mr Valdas Adamkus, UNESCO Goodwill Ambassador for the Construction of Knowledge Societies, former President of Lithuania, Mr Joergen Ejboel, Chairman of the Board JP-Politikens Hus (Denmark), Mr Robert Martin, Director of the U.S. Institute of Museum and Library Services (US), H.E. Mr Olusegun Obasanjo, President of Nigeria, H.E. Mr Boris Trajkovski, President of the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Mr John Gage, Chief Researcher and Director of the Science Office, Sun Microsystems (US), Mr Lawrence Lessig, Professor, Stanford Law School  (US), Mr Abdul-Muyeed Chowdhury, Executive Director, BRAC (Bangladesh), Ms Khedija Ghariani, Director-General of the Tunisian Agency for Frequencies, Ministry for Communication Technologies and Transport of Tunisia - Moderator: Mr Stephen Cole, Journalist and broadcaster, BBC.

Resumen Noticioso, Radio Habana Cuba

Ciudad de La Habana, jueves 11 de diciembre del 2003

AÑO DE GLORIOSOS ANIVERSARIOS DE MARTI Y DEL MONCADA

DISCURSO COMPLETO DE RICARDO ALARCON AL INTERVENIR EN LA PRIMERA CUMBRE MUNDIAL DE LA SOCIEDAD DE LA INFORMACION.
TIEMPO. 8,20 minutos..

Señor Presidente. No es hora de fabricar quimeras ni de hacernos eco de una retórico que poco dice a los pueblos. Para hablar seriamente de sociedad de la información, primero tendríamos que conquistar un mundo libre del hambre, la incultura, la insalubridad, la discriminación y la exclusión. Sólo en un contexto verdaderamente humano y solidario ella será algo más que una consigna engañosa.

Qué significa la Sociedad de la Información para el 75% de la población en el mundo subdesarrollado? Para qué sirven las nuevas tecnologías de la información y de las comunicaciones a los MIL 200 millones de personas que soportan la pobreza extrema, a los 842 millones de hambrientos, ya los 2400 millones carentes de saneamiento básico?

Qué harían con una computadora los 854 millones de adultos que no saben leer ni escribir, y los 115 millones de niños sin acceso a la educación ¿Cómo la usarían los 2 mil millones que no disponen de energía eléctrica?

Mucho ha logrado el hombre en las ciencias y las tecnologías desde el comienzo de la historia, impresionan los descubrimientos del último siglo y su incesante dinámica, pero lo realmente sorprendente es el contraste entre el progreso material reservado sólo a algunos y el atraso cada vez más agudo en el desarrollo del humanismo y la solidaridad.

El número de los que aún no conocen el teléfono es superior al total de la población mundial cuando se estableció la telefonía comercial, quienes hoy apenas sobreviven en la mayor miseria son muchos más que todos los que habitaban la Tierra el día que nació la ONU con sus incumplidas promesas de paz y libertad.

En el año 2001 los países de altos ingresos concentraban el 73% de los usuarios de Internet y el 95,5 % de las computadoras conectadas a ella. Pero, además, la llamada brecha digital crea una nueva división al interior de los países, incluyendo los más opulentos, donde abundan también los marginados.

Para el año 2002 se calculaba que sólo el 2,4% de la Humanidad accedía a Internet, mientras el 50% o el 60% luchaba contra la pobreza. Que esta cumbre NO sea una más en la ya larga lista de reuniones para debatir cuestiones vitales sin resultados concretos. Que de ella salga sobre todo el compromiso firme de emprender acciones eficaces.

Internet no debe quedar en las manos de los principales dueños del capital transnacional, es indispensable crear un organismo intergubernamental democrático que la regule y promueva la cooperación internacional y la transferencia de recursos financieros y de tecnologías.

Que la Declaración y el Plan de Acción de esta Cumbre sirvan para detener la manipulación mediática, revelar las verdades, aceptar la diversidad cultural y dejar de imponer los patrones del Norte sobre el Sur.

Cesen las medidas unilaterales y arbitrarias impuestas contra Cuba como parte de un bloqueo económico condenado universalmente, pónganse fin a la agresión de que es objeto en su espacio radioeléctrico en clara y sistemática violación de las normas y procedimientos de la Unión Internacional de Telecomunicaciones, ábrase paso la verdad sobre el injusto encarcelamiento de cinco jóvenes cubanos por luchar contra los grupos terroristas que desde los Estados Unidos y con su protección continúan agrediendo nuestro país.

Un nuevo orden mundial de la información y las comunicaciones es necesidad impostergable que requiere impulsar una revolución educativa internacional. Es posible eliminar el analfabetismo y llevar la enseñanza, el 6to grado a quienes carecen de ella en todo el mundo. El gasto total para realizarlo sería menos que el 0,004% del Producto Interno Bruto de los países desarrollados de la OCDE en un año.

Cuba, bloqueada y agredida, da su modesta contribución a varios países y reitera su disposición a participar en un esfuerzo internacional que debería ser emprendido por todos. Hace ya dos siglos y medio Juan Jacobo Russeau denunciaba a "un puñado de poderosos y ricos en el apogeo de grandezas y fortunas, mientras que la multitud se arrastra en la oscuridad y la miseria." Poco ha cambiado el mundo desde entonces, sometido a un régimen que no sirve más que para mantener al pobre en su miseria y al rico en su usurpación. Hagamos algo concreto aquí, en Ginebra, para avanzar hacia su sueño de justicia e igualdad que HOY inspira a centenares de millones en la certeza de que otro mundo mejor es posible. Muchas gracias..(aplausos prolongados..)
FIN...

UNESCO WebWorld Newsletter - 12 December 2003

 

This week's News digest from WebWorld, the website of UNESCO's Communication and Information Sector:
------------------------------

Summit Opens with Annan Appealing for Information Technologies to Benefit All
11-12-2003 (UNESCO) - Opening the first-ever global summit on information, United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan yesterday appealed to world leaders to share the benefits of powerful information and communications technologies (ICT) with the poorest countries and to shape their use to fight worldwide problems such as illiteracy and poverty.
http://portal.unesco.org/ci/ev.php?URL_ID=13804&URL_DO=DO_TOPIC&URL_SECTION=201

UNESCO organized a workshop on Public Service Broadcasting
11-12-2003 (UNESCO) - In the framework of the World Electronic Media Forum - a major side event of the World Summit on Information Society - UNESCO organized a workshop on Public Service Broadcasting held on December 11, 2003 in Palexpo, Geneva.
http://portal.unesco.org/ci/ev.php?URL_ID=13816&URL_DO=DO_TOPIC&URL_SECTION=201

Three million Swiss Francs pledged for Scale-up Initiative of Community Multimedia Centres in Africa
10-12-2003 (UNESCO) - UNESCO launched a special initiative Wednesday to scale up Community Multimedia Centres (CMCs) in Mali, Mozambique and Senegal at the ICT4D Platform of the World Summit on the Information Society in Geneva.
http://portal.unesco.org/ci/ev.php?URL_ID=13798&URL_DO=DO_TOPIC&URL_SECTION=201

Annan Calls On Broadcasters to Help Create 'Open, Inclusive' Information Society
10-12-2003 (UNESCO) - United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan yesterday in Geneva called on global broadcasters to help in the effort to create an open and inclusive information society in which knowledge empowers all people, and serves the cause of improving the human condition.
http://portal.unesco.org/ci/ev.php?URL_ID=13801&URL_DO=DO_TOPIC&URL_SECTION=201

150 New Community Multimedia Centres to be Set Up in Africa
09-12-2003 (UNESCO) - UNESCO and the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC) will launch a multi-million dollar project to provide marginalized communities in Mali, Mozambique and Senegal with access to information and communication technologies, including the internet.
http://portal.unesco.org/ci/ev.php?URL_ID=13797&URL_DO=DO_TOPIC&URL_SECTION=201

WSIS Week in Geneva Starts With Science Conference
08-12-2003 (UNESCO) - Web inventor Tim Berners-Lee is expected to participate today in Geneva at the conference "The Role of Science in the Information Society" (RSIS) that the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) organizes today and tomorrow together with the International Council for Science, the Third World Academy of Sciences, and UNESCO.
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L'échec du sommet mondial de l'information


LEMONDE.FR | 12.12.03 | 17h51

Les pays en développement, qui attendaient des engagements financiers du Nord, restent sur leur faim, les décisions concrètes étant reportées à la seconde phase du sommet, prévue en 2005 à Tunis. Le choix de cette ville est dénoncé par les associations des droits de l'homme.

Litanies de discours, auditoires clairsemés, propos insipides, chefs d'Etat décommandés : le sommet mondial de la société de l'information, qui a coûté 10 millions d'euros au contribuable suisse, aura fait beaucoup de bruit pour des résultats modestes. Pendant trois jours, quelque 11 000 délégués de 175 pays, 663 organisations non gouvernementales (ONG), 111 entreprises privées et 72 organisations internationales se sont penchés sur les moyens de réduire la "fracture numérique" entre Nord et Sud.

Mais l'enjeu était mince : les décisions avaient été prises à l'avance au fil de réunions préparatoires. Celles-ci ont débouché sur une déclaration de principe et sur un plan d'action pour soutenir le développement des technologies de l'information et de la communication (TIC) dans les pays pauvres, mais sans engagements. Ces textes de compromis sont truffés de formules vagues ou ambiguës et renvoient à plus tard la question essentielle du financement.

Restait aux orateurs à aligner les phrases creuses sur la révolution de l'Internet pendant les cinq minutes accordées à chaque pays à la tribune officielle, du Saint-Siège à la Chine. Au total, vingt-sept heures de discours en séance plénière sous le regard d'un millier de journalistes.

"Des acquis d'une énorme importance ont été remportés par l'homme sur le terrain des sciences et des technologies dès le début de l'histoire", a doctement rappelé le délégué cubain, Ricardo Alcaron. L'envoyé du président américain George W. Bush, John Marburger, n'a pas craint d'affirmer que "les TIC sont la clé de la prospérité future de toutes les nations". "Il ne s'agit plus de rêver, il s'agit de construire", a pour sa part lancé le premier ministre français Jean-Pierre Raffarin.

"C'EST DU BLA-BLA"

"C'est très dur", a confié, à la sortie de la salle de conférences, un délégué espagnol harrassé par une matinée de discours. "C'est du bla-bla, c'est très répétitif", a-t-il estimé, espérant quand même que "les orientations du sommet seront mises en application". "On dirait qu'il s'agit du même discours lu par tous les chefs d'Etat", raillait Frank Morgan, président de l'ONG International Association for media and communication research. "Ils disent ce qu'il faut, mais Dieu seul sait s'ils comprennent ce qu'ils veulent dire", a-t-il regretté. M. Morgan estime tout de même que la volonté politique affichée au sommet "vaut mieux que rien".

Plusieurs ONG ont publié une déclaration finale alternative qui déplore que "l'information et les connaissances sont transformées en marchandises privées qui peuvent être contrôlées, achetées et vendues comme des matières premières".

Les pays en développement, qui attendaient des engagements financiers du Nord, restent sur leur faim, les décisions concrètes étant reportées à la seconde phase du sommet, prévue en 2005 à Tunis, un choix de ville dénoncé par les associations des droits de l'homme. "Ce que j'espère dès maintenant, c'est que nous soyons suffisamment bien organisés pour pouvoir accueillir de véritables réalisations lorsque cette conférence se réunira à Tunis", déclarait Arun Shourie, le ministre indien de l'informatique.

Devant le peu de résultats concrets attendus, les dirigeants des grands pays du Nord s'étaient décommandés l'un après l'autre. Sur près de 70 chefs d'Etat et de gouvernement annoncés, seule une quarantaine ont fait le déplacement. Pour beaucoup d'ONG, comme Reporters sans frontières (RSF), le sommet a servi de tribune à des régimes autoritaires, comme la Chine, Cuba ou la Tunisie, qui répriment chez eux la liberté d'expression, notamment sur Internet. "Cette mascarade ne changera strictement rien au sort des gens qui se battent pour pouvoir se servir de l'Internet en faveur de la démocratie", a dénoncé le secrétaire général de RSF, Robert Ménard, estimant que 58 "cyber-dissidents" sont détenus dans le monde.

Última Actualización: 12 de Diciembre de 2003

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